Human trafficking is modern-day slavery. It is the second largest criminal industry in the world today and the fastest growing. Human trafficking affects international and domestic victims, male or female and of all ages, ethnicities and backgrounds. It is estimated there are over 27 million slaves currently worldwide today and between 600,000-800,000 people being trafficked across international borders every year. It is a crime that goes unnoticed throughout the word until it impacts us or someone we know.
Human Trafficking is defined as:
• The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion or
• The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for the purpose of involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery, through force, fraud, or coercion.
When a person is under the age of 18, fear, fraud, or coercion is not necessary to establish they are victims of sex trafficking. We also refer to this population as “Commercially Sexually Exploited Children” (CSEC). There are many different forms of sex trafficking which include:
• Child pornography
• Massage parlors
• Escort services, and
• Exotic dancing
The purpose of labor trafficking is based on profit. People are a reusable resource unlike crimes involving drugs, stolen property, fraud where you have to replenish your source.
People can be labor trafficking victims for:
• Domestic Servitude
• Manual Labor
• Agricultural Work
• Sweatshop Factories
• Roadside Vending
Trafficking vs. Smuggling
Trafficking and smuggling are two separate crimes. Smuggling is a crime against a country where people are brought across a national border and requires movement. Trafficking is a crime against a person and a victim may or may not initially consent. Trafficking does not require movement. The crime can involve labor or sex trafficking.